I have to disagree with Decaturguy on the post about Voter ID. As you could suspect, considering my prior involvement in the Voter ID situation, I’m in favor of it and I think it is constitutional.
As Decaturguy noted, Article II, Section 1, Paragraph II, of the Georgia Constitution states
Every person who is a citizen of the United States and a resident of Georgia as defined by law, who is at least 18 years of age and not disenfranchised by this article, and who meets minimum residency requirements as provided by law shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people. The General Assembly shall provide by law for the registration of electors.
But it’s not quite that simple. There are other sections in the Constitution and the section quoted above must be quoted consistent with those other provisions. Here is Article II, Section I, Paragraph I, with emphasis added.
Elections by the people shall be by secret ballot and shall be conducted in accordance with procedures provided by law.
Here is Article II, Section II, Paragraph I of the Constitution, with emphasis added:
The General Assembly shall provide by law for a method of appeal from the decision to allow or refuse to allow any person to . . . vote and shall provide by law for a procedure whereby returns of all elections by the people shall be made to the Secretary of State.
Taken as a whole, it seems to me that Article II, Section I, Paragraph II provides for a general right of the people, over age eighteen, to vote, but the General Assembly has legislative power to regulate the means and methods by which such individuals vote.
To follow Decaturguy’s logic, we must then throw out every requirement for identification to be show at the polls. But, we don’t have to do that because we know from the State Constitution that “Elections by the people shall be by secret ballot and shall be conducted in accordance with procedures provided by law.